日期：2020-04-27 13:55:14 来源：www.jnzyxlzx.com
With the development of social and economic modernization and the reform of employment system in China, college students' understanding of occupation and the concept of employment have changed a lot. How to carry out scientific career education and professional psychological consultation, so that college students can choose career and personal life development, choose career as an important part of life development, which is an important subject of psychological consultation in Colleges and universities.
Career counseling is a process of providing college students with professional knowledge, self-knowledge, career decision-making, career preparation, interview skills and career development through psychological counseling. In the process of vocational consultation, we take different forms of psychological consultation according to the different nature of the problem. There are four commonly used methods of career counseling:
1、 Problem solving counseling
Problem solving professional seeking psychological consultation refers to the psychological counselor who provides relevant information to clarify problems and help the parties to deal with specific problems or make decisions. This kind of psychological consultation method can solve problems quickly and is suitable for dealing with problems caused by the lack of information about people or environment.
For example, in the process of employment, Xiao Zhang sent a letter of application to many units. After the interview, it was recognized by the state organs, state-owned enterprises and foreign-funded enterprises at the same time. He was very contradictory and didn't know which unit to go to. He went to the Psychological Consultation Center for consultation. On the one hand, we helped Xiao Zhang to analyze his career characteristics, hobbies, personality characteristics and the external environment that affected his career choice. Through some enlightening questions and tests, Xiao Zhang can fully understand himself and systematically understand his career direction. On the other hand, analyze three work units, including work characteristics, work environment and development direction. For example, in different units, what can you get from your work? Through work, you can get satisfaction and sense of achievement, can your work potential be fully recognized and exerted? The main considerations are job satisfaction and challenge, recognition and appreciation of others, and promotion opportunities And rewards, personal growth and development, opportunities to increase knowledge and skills, whether they can achieve their life goals and ideals, as well as wages and other material rewards. Through such consultation, Zhang finally made his own choice. The consultation process is to help Zhang clarify problems and provide information so that he can make his own decisions.
Second, cultivate the ability of psychological guidance in job selection
The ability-based cultivation of career guidance is not only to solve the specific problems of the parties, but also to cultivate the decision-making ability and adaptability of other parties, so as to create conditions for graduates to solve the problem itself. After a certain psychological counseling process, the parties not only face the problems to be solved, but also learn the methods to solve the problems, which can be used to meet the needs of the future. This kind of consultation focuses on the professional ability requirements and the internal factors affecting personal development.
In addition to individual counseling, the ability training counseling is mostly carried out in the group counseling of college students. In the process of group psychological training, we should guide students to set up correct career ideal, design their career according to their objective reality, plan their career reasonably, and help them improve their psychological quality. Special psychological training should be carried out for the related professional abilities of interpersonal communication, management, oral expression and team spirit. Group psychological training and so on "don't fight and don't know each other", fall in "trust", "impromptu speech", "inhibition", "display", "Wang Yang a ship", "career planning" and "false interview", "simulation engineering construction project", etc., the purpose is to train the ability, at the same time, in the process of group psychological training, learn to solve problems, learn from the strengths of other students. Psychological training and ability improvement is a long-term process, which requires students to consciously exercise and cultivate in their daily study and life.
3、 Career development counseling
This approach considers career development to be a continuous process rather than a single goal oriented career choice. The coach focuses on a series of decisions and adaptations. In addition to developing various decision-making skills and adaptability, consultants can also enhance self-awareness of both sides, combine career choice with personal development, and consider various possible choices and development paths.
Nowadays, college students have become more independent in their career choice and no longer rely on their parents and teachers. Therefore, they should be encouraged to use scientific means to understand themselves as much as possible. In the process of choosing a job, everyone's needs, interests, values, abilities, temperament, personality and other psychological characteristics need to consider how to match the occupation. Holland is a famous career guidance expert in the United States. His career guidance theory has a great influence in the world. He believes that people with specific personalities will adapt to specific occupations. If everyone can identify their own professional personality, they will get the greatest sense of achievement and satisfaction. Personality can be divided into certain types, occupation and personality can also be divided into corresponding types. At present, the professional types of personality and society can be divided into six types: realistic type, research type, artistic type, social type, management type and conventional type. In the process of career development psychological consultation, we use the psychological measurement software "vocational ability tendency" to test college students' professional interests, professional values and professional personality, so as to help college students make a correct judgment on the direction of career development.
For example, Xiao Li, a graduate of this year, has been a little upset recently. Seeing the coming of postgraduate entrance examination, he can't calm down to review. He has been thinking, "in case of an exam, he can't find a job?" the idea is getting stronger and stronger. He can't eat or sleep. Later, he went to the school counseling center for consultation, and did some psychoanalysis and vocational aptitude tests. Combined with professional personality characteristics and professional values, the last line of "if you admit graduation and find a good job, you give up" chose to let him finally see the important position of postgraduate entrance examination in my heart to solve the anxiety. The key point of consultation is to let Xiao Li fully understand himself, combine career choice with personal development, and make his own choice.
4、 Self development counseling
The method of self-development psychological consultation focuses on the development and improvement of personal internal quality, and emphasizes the goal of actively creating the prospect of self-development by forming a complete professional self-concept. Career counseling is not to tell the consulting object what to do, but to cultivate the positive self-worth of the parties under the premise of fully respecting the internal quality of college students, so as to be responsible for their own future.
The above is the relevant content introduced by Jinan psychological consultation group. To learn more, please visit the website: http://www.jnzyxlzx.com