日期：2020-06-02 10:34:10 来源：www.jnzyxlzx.com
The causes of College Students' psychological disorders are very complicated. It includes not only physiological factors such as heredity, but also psychological and social factors. It is the result of the interaction of many factors. The main factors that lead to the psychological disorders of college students are as follows:
1. Physiological factors
First of all, the nervous system is the basis of people's psychological activities. Physiological factors refer to the factors that lead to psychological disorders by destroying the central nervous function through biological channels. Genetic factors have a certain influence on people's psychological activities. A child's character is like that of a father or mother, which is very common in real life. There are many mental disorders related to personality. There is a tendency to be influenced by personality. According to a census conducted by Shanghai family members of mental patients in 1961, the incidence rate of relatives from far to near is less than that. The incidence rate of relatives of mental patients may be 6 times that of normal relatives.
Second, some infections and chemical poisoning can also lead to mental illness. Alcohol and psychoactive substances can also affect nerve function, leading to mental illness.
2. Psychological factors
Psychological factors include psychological quality and pressure. Psychological quality is the basic condition for the occurrence of mental illness, and psychological pressure is the inducement for the occurrence of mental illness.
Contemporary college students always attach importance to scores rather than the historical products of the quality-oriented education system. Some students have poor psychological quality, many only children, and grow up in the process of lack of discipline. They have poor psychological anti-seismic ability, quirks, unsociable, paranoid personality characteristics, lack of coordination and environment, tolerance, frustrated love, tense interpersonal relations, and poor family economy, Study pressure, employment difficulties and so on will cause pressure on the psychology of contemporary college students, resulting in a variety of psychological diseases. In addition, in the university stage, the function of endocrine system and reproductive system of human body tends to mature, leading to significant changes in physiological function of the body. Due to the lack of necessary physical health knowledge education for students in basic education in China, many students lack correct understanding of some normal physiological changes, and there are psychological obstacles such as curiosity, shyness and even panic.
3. Social factors
The first is the great contrast between College Students' ideal life and real life. When a college student enters the university campus, he or she is not facing a relaxed and happy ivory tower, but a poor living and learning conditions, tension and even fierce competition in real life. At the same time, with the growth of age, many students see some negative, corrupt and even ugly social phenomena in social life, especially in the reform and opening up and the establishment of the socialist market economy system, compared with the ideal model of truth, kindness and beauty are in their hearts. This is also one of the reasons for the psychological obstacles of college students.
Secondly, the failure of dealing with interpersonal relationship will also lead to some college students' psychological obstacles. The interpersonal relationship of college students mainly comes from two aspects: one is the interpersonal relationship involved in social life. In this respect, because they lack an overall understanding of the society and others, the production and life of the society, the exchange and other interest relations are poorly understood. In addition, some students are relatively closed areas from the backward policy, combined with their own heart and nature's pride, social elites, such as the concept, so that college students can not accept the society and others, and also can not be accepted by the society. The second is the interpersonal relationship between students and teachers and students. In this regard, students from different regions have different economic development and social and cultural backgrounds. The differences of personality and life style make students have some practical difficulties in communication. Some students can't deal with these relationships well, which will cause some psychological obstacles over time.
The change of social culture will affect the mental health of college students.
4. Learning factors
First of all, there are some psychological obstacles caused by professional concepts. Some students choose different schools and majors from the ones they apply for; although some students fill in their own wishes, after a period of study, they find that their major is not as promising as they think, which leads to serious lack of motivation. Some students and their parents propose to change their majors, but the school does not allow them to change their majors, and the students are determined to withdraw from the college entrance examination, with high learning pressure and poor test results. These students are troubled and psychological obstacles.
The second is the psychological problems and obstacles caused by being unable to adapt to the characteristics and methods of university learning. There is a big difference between University and middle school. It emphasizes the cultivation of independent learning and independent thinking and innovation ability. Some students can't adapt to it, and their academic performance declines, even they fail in the exam. Then, with their "top" position, middle school has formed a sharp contrast. Psychological problems, depression, lasting for a long time, some forms of psychological obstacles.
These are the relevant contents introduced by Jinan psychological consulting company. If you want to know more, please visit the website: http://www.jnzyxlzx.com