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大学生心理障碍形成的因素有哪些
日期:2020-06-02 10:34:10 来源:www.jnzyxlzx.com

  大学生心理障碍形成的原因是非常复杂的。它既包括遗传等生理因素,也包括心理和社会因素,是多种因素相互作用的结果。导致大学生心理障碍的因素主要有以下几个方面:

  The causes of College Students' psychological disorders are very complicated. It includes not only physiological factors such as heredity, but also psychological and social factors. It is the result of the interaction of many factors. The main factors that lead to the psychological disorders of college students are as follows:

  1. 生理因素

  1. Physiological factors

  首先,神经系统是人的心理活动的基础,生理因素是指通过生物途径破坏神经功能而导致心理障碍的因素。遗传因素对人的心理活动有一定的影响。孩子的性格就像父亲或母亲,这在现实生活中是很常见的。有很多心理疾病与人格有关。有一种易受个性影响的倾向。根据上海1961年对精神病人的家庭成员所做的一次普查发现,亲戚从远到近,其发病率从少到多,精神病人的亲戚发病率可能是正常亲戚的6倍。

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  First of all, the nervous system is the basis of people's psychological activities. Physiological factors refer to the factors that lead to psychological disorders by destroying the central nervous function through biological channels. Genetic factors have a certain influence on people's psychological activities. A child's character is like that of a father or mother, which is very common in real life. There are many mental disorders related to personality. There is a tendency to be influenced by personality. According to a census conducted by Shanghai family members of mental patients in 1961, the incidence rate of relatives from far to near is less than that. The incidence rate of relatives of mental patients may be 6 times that of normal relatives.

  其次,一些感染和化学中毒也会导致精神疾病。酒精、精神活性物质也会影响神经功能,导致精神疾病。

  Second, some infections and chemical poisoning can also lead to mental illness. Alcohol and psychoactive substances can also affect nerve function, leading to mental illness.

  2. 心理因素

  2. Psychological factors

  心理因素包括心理素质和心理压力。心理素质是心理疾病发生的基本条件,心理压力是心理疾病发生的诱因。

  Psychological factors include psychological quality and pressure. Psychological quality is the basic condition for the occurrence of mental illness, and psychological pressure is the inducement for the occurrence of mental illness.

  当代大学生总是重分数轻素质教育体制下的历史产物,一些学生心理素质差,有很多独生子女,也缺乏纪律的过程中成长,心理抗震能力较差,怪癖,不合群的,偏执的性格特征,缺乏协调和环境,包容,爱情受挫、人际关系紧张、家庭经济贫困,学习压力、就业困难等都会对当代大学生的心理造成压力,造成各种心理疾病。此外,在大学阶段,人体内分泌系统和生殖系统功能趋于成熟,导致身体的生理功能发生重大变化。由于我国基础教育中对学生缺乏必要的生理健康知识教育,许多大学生对一些正常的生理变化缺乏正确的认识,存在好奇、害羞甚至恐慌等心理障碍。

  Contemporary college students always attach importance to scores rather than the historical products of the quality-oriented education system. Some students have poor psychological quality, many only children, and grow up in the process of lack of discipline. They have poor psychological anti-seismic ability, quirks, unsociable, paranoid personality characteristics, lack of coordination and environment, tolerance, frustrated love, tense interpersonal relations, and poor family economy, Study pressure, employment difficulties and so on will cause pressure on the psychology of contemporary college students, resulting in a variety of psychological diseases. In addition, in the university stage, the function of endocrine system and reproductive system of human body tends to mature, leading to significant changes in physiological function of the body. Due to the lack of necessary physical health knowledge education for students in basic education in China, many students lack correct understanding of some normal physiological changes, and there are psychological obstacles such as curiosity, shyness and even panic.

  3.社会因素

  3. Social factors

  首先是大学生理想生活与现实生活的巨大反差。当一个大学生进入大学校园,他或她面对的不是一个轻松愉快的象牙塔,而是一个贫穷的生活和学习条件,在现实生活中的紧张甚至激烈的竞争。同时,随着年龄的增长,很多学生看到一些负面的,腐败的,甚至丑陋的社会现象在社会生活中,特别是在改革开放和社会主义市场经济体制的建立,在真理的理想模型相比,善良和美丽在他们心中。这也是造成大学生心理障碍的原因之一。

  The first is the great contrast between College Students' ideal life and real life. When a college student enters the university campus, he or she is not facing a relaxed and happy ivory tower, but a poor living and learning conditions, tension and even fierce competition in real life. At the same time, with the growth of age, many students see some negative, corrupt and even ugly social phenomena in social life, especially in the reform and opening up and the establishment of the socialist market economy system, compared with the ideal model of truth, kindness and beauty are in their hearts. This is also one of the reasons for the psychological obstacles of college students.

  其次,处理人际关系的失败也会导致一些大学生产生心理障碍。大学生的人际关系主要来自两个方面:一是社会生活中涉及的人际关系。在这方面,因为他们缺乏整体对社会和他人的理解,社会的生产生活,交换和其他利益关系知之甚少,加上一些学生从落后的政策是相对封闭的区域,结合自我的心天之骄子,社会精英,如概念,使大学生不能接受社会和他人,也不被社会所接受的等等。二是学生之间、师生之间的人际关系。在这方面,主要是来自不同地区的学生,他们有着不同的经济发展和社会文化背景。个性和生活方式的差异使学生在交际中存在一定的实际困难。有些学生不能很好地处理这些关系,久而久之会造成一定的心理障碍。

  Secondly, the failure of dealing with interpersonal relationship will also lead to some college students' psychological obstacles. The interpersonal relationship of college students mainly comes from two aspects: one is the interpersonal relationship involved in social life. In this respect, because they lack an overall understanding of the society and others, the production and life of the society, the exchange and other interest relations are poorly understood. In addition, some students are relatively closed areas from the backward policy, combined with their own heart and nature's pride, social elites, such as the concept, so that college students can not accept the society and others, and also can not be accepted by the society. The second is the interpersonal relationship between students and teachers and students. In this regard, students from different regions have different economic development and social and cultural backgrounds. The differences of personality and life style make students have some practical difficulties in communication. Some students can't deal with these relationships well, which will cause some psychological obstacles over time.

  社会文化的变迁,会影响大学生的心理健康。

  The change of social culture will affect the mental health of college students.

  4. 学习的因素

  4. Learning factors

  首先是一些由观念造成的心理障碍。一些学生选择的学校和与他们申请的不同;虽然有些学生自己填志愿,但是经过一段时间的学习,他们发现自己所学的并没有他们想象的那么有前途,这导致了严重的动力不足。一些学生和他们的父母提出改变,但是学校不允许他们改变,和学生们决心退出高考,学习压力大,考试成绩很差,这些学生是困扰和心理障碍。

  First of all, there are some psychological obstacles caused by professional concepts. Some students choose different schools and majors from the ones they apply for; although some students fill in their own wishes, after a period of study, they find that their major is not as promising as they think, which leads to serious lack of motivation. Some students and their parents propose to change their majors, but the school does not allow them to change their majors, and the students are determined to withdraw from the college entrance examination, with high learning pressure and poor test results. These students are troubled and psychological obstacles.

  二是由于不能适应大学的学习特点和学习方法而产生的心理困扰和心理障碍。大学和中学有很大的区别,它更强调自主学习和独立思考和创新能力的培养,一些学生不能适应,学习成绩下降,甚至出现在考试中失败,进而用自己的“”地位,中学形成了鲜明的对比,心理问题,抑郁情绪,持续很长一段时间,某种形式的心理障碍。

  The second is the psychological problems and obstacles caused by being unable to adapt to the characteristics and methods of university learning. There is a big difference between University and middle school. It emphasizes the cultivation of independent learning and independent thinking and innovation ability. Some students can't adapt to it, and their academic performance declines, even they fail in the exam. Then, with their "top" position, middle school has formed a sharp contrast. Psychological problems, depression, lasting for a long time, some forms of psychological obstacles.

  以上是济南心理咨询公司小编为大家介绍的相关内容,想要了解更多内容,欢迎访问网站:http://www.jnzyxlzx.com

  These are the relevant contents introduced by Jinan psychological consulting company. If you want to know more, please visit the website: http://www.jnzyxlzx.com


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