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城市居民强迫症的心理“陷阱”
日期:2020-06-11 11:42:58 来源:www.jnzyxlzx.com

  这样的例子在生活中并不少见,有些人总是不停地洗手;有些人会情不自禁地数大楼的窗户,一个数错了,然后从头开始,重复;有些人做事情怕出错,反复检查。

  Such examples are not uncommon in life, some people always wash their hands; some people can't help counting the windows of the building, counting one wrong, and then starting from the beginning, repeating; some people are afraid of doing things wrong, and checking again and again.

  对大多数人来说,强迫现象只是轻微的,或临时派对感到疼痛,也不影响正常的生活和工作,这不是病,也不需要治疗,如反复检查,很多人有这个问题,如果每天重复的数量并不多,强迫行为不干涉自己的生活,而不是2。而有些人的强迫症症状出现的次数较多,对正常生活、工作和学习都有很大影响,需要治疗。

济南心理咨询

  For most people, compulsion is only mild, or temporary parties feel pain, and it does not affect normal life and work. It is not a disease, nor does it need treatment, such as repeated examination. Many people have this problem. If the number of daily repetitions is not large, compulsion does not interfere in their own life, not 2. Some people's obsessive-compulsive symptoms appear more often in a day, which have a great impact on normal life, work and learning, and need treatment.

  强迫症通常与完美主义联系在一起

  Obsessive compulsive disorder is often associated with perfectionism

  强迫症与心理、社会因素有非常密切的关系,心理压力过大,情绪长期处于紧张状态,个性上有些缺乏等是造成这种障碍的主要原因。

  Obsessive-compulsive disorder has a very close relationship with psychological and social factors. The main causes of this disorder are excessive psychological pressure, long-term emotional tension, and some lack of personality.

  一般认为强迫症患者有自己独特的个性,更突出的就是“完美主义”,凡事都要求“完美”。他们谨小慎微,墨守成规,缺乏调和和幽默,过于理性。经常有一个明显的内在冲突,徘徊在服从和反抗,控制或爆发两个极端。他们往往对自己和他人有很高的要求,因此经常批评别人不好,怀疑和否定自己,缺乏自信。因此,他们往往无法接受自己内心强烈矛盾的冲动和欲望。

  It is generally believed that obsessive-compulsive patients have their own unique personality, the most prominent is "perfectionism", everything requires "perfection". They are cautious, conformist, lack of harmony and humor, and over rational. There is often an obvious internal conflict, wandering between the two extremes of obedience and resistance, control or outbreak. They often have high requirements for themselves and others, so they often criticize others for being bad, doubt and deny themselves, and lack self-confidence. Therefore, they are often unable to accept their own internal strong contradictory impulses and desires.

  你不能再“强迫”我了

  You can't force me anymore

  “强迫症”不是的关键在于患者是否勇敢理性地面对它,克服它,患者可以尝试以下几种自我心理治疗。

  "Obsessive-compulsive disorder" is not the best key lies in whether patients are brave and rational to it, to overcome it, patients can try the following self psychotherapy.

  自然法则

  Law of nature

  任何位置,但要做什么,它不再评估,完成将不再想想,好像忘记把它不好的东西,担心没有锁锁好门不好,东西没收痈删除风险携带其恐惧的胚胎肺>很容易在一段时间内克服由此产生的焦虑、强迫症状会逐渐消除。

  Any position, but what to do, it will no longer evaluate, finish will no longer think, as if forget its bad things, worry about not locking the door is not good, things confiscated, carbuncle removed, risk carrying its fear of embryonic lung > it is easy to overcome the resulting anxiety, obsessive-compulsive symptoms in a period of time will gradually eliminate.

  宣泄疗法

  Cathartic method

  (12)让患者讲述自己的紧张情绪,如过去某一情景或时间内的心理创伤、不幸、长期紧张、焦虑、恐惧等,然后聊患者的内心感受关于干眼症(12)会减少恐惧。把你的紧张说出来,你就不会紧张了。

  (12) Ask the patient to talk about their own tense emotions, such as psychological trauma, misfortune, long-term tension, anxiety, fear, etc. in a certain situation or time in the past, and then talk about the patient's inner feelings about dry eye (12) will reduce fear. Talk about your nervousness, and you won't be nervous.

  转移注意力

  Distraction

  当强迫症症状出现时,要想办法转移注意力,尽快远离现实症状,摆脱痛苦。例如,一出门就要检查一下门锁。你是如何克服的呢?如果你必须在上班的路上花30分钟,而20分钟又太紧迫,那就留出20分钟。因为时间紧,你害怕迟到,出门前应该仔细看看门锁。出门后,你的注意力集中在时间上,所以你不会有时间去检查门锁。

  When the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder appear, we should find a way to divert attention, as soon as possible away from the real symptoms, get rid of pain. For example, check the door lock as soon as you go out. How do you overcome this? If you have to spend 30 minutes on your way to work and 20 minutes are too urgent, set aside 20 minutes. Because of the tight time, you are afraid of being late. You should check the door carefully before you go out. When you go out, your attention is focused on time, so you won't have time to check the door lock.

  不要做一个完美主义者

  Don't be a perfectionist

  强迫症患者往往有完美主义的性格,而且永塔和同盟意识到完美心态是不正确的。世上没有完美的人。我们可以尽我们的努力去做正确的事情,但是每个人都应该承认和接受犯错的可能性。因此,我们建议患者应采取乐观的态度工作,学习和生活,人的事情不需要太认真,不要对自己太严格。

  Obsessive compulsive disorder patients often have perfectionism, and yongta and alliance realize that perfect mentality is not correct. There is no perfect person in the world. We can try our best to do the right thing, but everyone should admit and accept the possibility of making mistakes. Therefore, we suggest that patients should take an optimistic attitude towards work, study and life. People's affairs do not need to be too serious and do not be too strict with themselves.

  以上是济南心理咨询公司小编为大家介绍的相关内容,想要了解更多内容,欢迎访问网站:http://www.jnzyxlzx.com

  These are the relevant contents introduced by Jinan psychological consulting company. If you want to know more, please visit the website: http://www.jnzyxlzx.com


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