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青少年的心理困境主要有哪些?
日期:2020-06-16 14:50:14 来源:www.jnzyxlzx.com

  过去只要你努力工作,但它会有个平静的,但现在有很大的不同,资本市场的价值是“改变”,即使是成年人还是搞不明白要做什么,除了读书,考上一个好的学校生活,寻找一个好的公司专门工作,节约节俭的生活方式,他们也不知道要做什么,当然没有把青少年。

  In the past, as long as you work hard, but it will have a peaceful day, but now it is very different. The value of the capital market is "change". Even adults still don't understand what to do. In addition to reading, getting into a good school life, looking for a good company to work for, saving and thrifty life style, they don't know what to do, of course, they don't put teenagers.

  困境1:对未来不安全感的心理——低工资的环境

济南心理咨询

  Dilemma 1: Psychology of insecurity in the future: low wage environment

  在社会生活中,心理稳定和经济稳定是更基本的基础,但现代社会工作时间长,工资低,失业率高,贫富差距大,阶级歧视,教育贬值,信息过多,价值不确定。当生活已经无法掌控,家庭和事业又离我们很远的时候,年轻人又怎么会对未来有期望和兴趣呢?

  In social life, psychological stability and economic stability are the most basic foundation, but in modern society, working hours are long, wages are low, unemployment rate is high, the gap between the rich and the poor is large, class discrimination, education devaluation, too much information, and value is uncertain. When life is out of control and family and career are far away from us, how can young people have expectations and interests for the future?

  困境2:不稳定的依附关系——家庭危机

  Dilemma 2: unstable dependence -- family crisis

  经济不稳定影响养家糊口的人。无论是双职工家庭还是单亲家庭,无论是因工作而长期脱离亲子关系的家庭,还是充满悲伤、婚姻矛盾不断的贫困夫妻,父母本身都深陷泥沼。当然,他们不能给予青少年足够的关注,所以他们对生活和缺乏联系深感不安。

  Economic instability affects the breadwinners. Whether it's a family with two employees or a single parent, whether it's a family that has been separated from the parent-child relationship for a long time due to work, or a poor couple full of grief and constant marital conflicts, the parents themselves are in deep trouble. Of course, they can't pay enough attention to teenagers, so they are deeply worried about life and lack of contact.

  来自不正常家庭的孩子寻求补偿,在“社交圈”中证明自己,在“关系”中寻找替代关系。经济贫困的孩子早熟,强迫自己在社会的面具下变得成熟,赚钱是他们的价值。然而,外在的补偿是盲目的,许多孩子正通过磨牙前进来抑制挫折感,就像在悬崖边上赌博一样。(另一参考赵建斌<“我想回去找我的父亲,我怕他会饿死”,少年多次跑出收容所,却看到残疾的父亲>)

  Children from abnormal families seek compensation, prove themselves in the "social circle" and find alternative relationships in the "relationship". Economic poor children are precocious and force themselves to become mature under the mask of society. Making money is their only value. However, external compensation is blind, and many children are grinding their teeth to curb frustration, just like gambling on the edge of a cliff. (another reference is Zhao Jianbin's "I want to go back to find my father, I'm afraid that he will starve to death". The teenager ran out of the shelter many times, but saw the disabled father >)

  困境3:身心失衡——青春期

  Dilemma 3: physical and mental imbalance -- adolescence

  青春期是儿童到成年的过渡阶段,在体质、性征、内分泌、心理等方面都发生了很大的变化,从不成熟到成熟,从能力不足到功能健全,认知信念和世界观逐渐形成。然而,现代饮食过于精细,过多的加工产品和添加剂,导致身体发育过早,月经提前,身体发育迅速,精神发育不同步,没有思维训练和情感教育,成为“儿童操纵成人的身体”。社会认为青少年已经准备好了,但他们并没有。

  Adolescence is a transitional period from childhood to adulthood. Great changes have taken place in physique, sexual characteristics, endocrine, psychology, etc. from immature to mature, from lack of ability to sound function, cognitive beliefs and world outlook have gradually formed. However, the modern diet is too fine, too many processed products and additives, leading to premature physical development, early menstruation, rapid physical development, mental development is not synchronous, there is no thinking training and emotional education, and become "the body of children manipulating adults". Society thinks teenagers are ready, but they are not.

  困境4:精神危机——缺乏自我认同和职业定位

  Dilemma 4: Spiritual Crisis: lack of self-identity and professional orientation

  生活稳定、人际关系支持和身体健康是属灵成长的基本土壤。当基本条件不足时,属灵的成长可能会停滞。

  Life stability, interpersonal support and physical health are the basic soil of spiritual growth. When basic conditions are inadequate, spiritual growth may stagnate.

  无论是物质上的贫穷还是精神上的匮乏,年轻人都面临着没有希望的未来,不知道该做什么。正如心理学家埃里克森所说,“自我认同”,青少年需要探索和体验,找到社会兴趣和职业方向,但当他们缺乏基础(思维能力、亲密关系)时,他们不得不随行就道,模仿别人的角色。有些人很忙,有些人毫无生气。他们的危机是缺乏自己的故事,缺乏身份,缺乏事业。一些青少年长时间的忍受孤独,并没有出口的沮丧。生活中危险的刺激会在不知不觉中唤醒存在感,比如割腕、跳火车、吸毒、兴奋和痛苦的生活

  Whether it is material poverty or spiritual deprivation, young people are facing a hopeless future and do not know what to do. As psychologist Eriksson said, "self identification", teenagers need to explore and experience, find social interest and career direction, but when they lack the foundation (thinking ability, intimate relationship), they have to follow the path and imitate the role of others. Some people are very busy, some people are not angry. Their crisis is a lack of their own stories, identity and career. Some teenagers suffer from loneliness for a long time, with no outlet for depression. Dangerous stimuli in life unconsciously awaken the sense of existence, such as wrist cutting, train jumping, drug taking, excitement and painful life

  我们生活在一个除了读书什么都不教的社会里,社会的阶级差别如此明显,例如,建筑大师很容易被刻板印象所轻视,而不是被日本人所尊崇的“工匠”。这些潜规则被青少年所吸收、滥用,并看不起自己。青少年进入社会后,几乎都是靠自己生存。然而,所谓的“自立”需要很多条件的支持:生活稳定、关系支持、教育和指导都很重要。只有当基本条件足以要求他们承担自己的责任时,他们才能互补。

  We live in a society that teaches nothing but reading. The class differences are so obvious. For example, architects are easily despised by stereotypes, rather than "craftsmen" respected by the Japanese. These hidden rules are absorbed, abused and despised by teenagers. After entering the society, almost all teenagers live on their own. However, the so-called "independence" needs the support of many conditions: life stability, relationship support, education and guidance are very important. They can complement each other only when the basic conditions are sufficient to hold them accountable.

  作为后援父母,他们还需要进一步的教育和帮助。父母也受到资本社会的影响,要么太忙没有时间,要么不成熟不了解自己,很难发挥关系支持和养育的力量。

  As supporting parents, they need further education and help. Parents are also affected by the capital society. They are either too busy and have no time, or they are not mature and do not know themselves. It is difficult to play the power of relationship support and parenting.

  我们生活在一个系统中,我们不能从单一的角度看待一个人。我们考虑生活条件、家庭关系和社会价值,就像青少年、父母和我们一样。不要过早的判断青少年,给彼此更多的机会,互相帮助,面对这个时代的心理不安。

  We live in a system, we can't see a person from a single perspective. We think about living conditions, family relations and social values, just like teenagers, parents and us. Don't judge young people too early, give each other more opportunities, help each other and face the psychological uneasiness of this era.

  以上是济南心理咨询小编为大家介绍的相关内容,想要了解更多内容,欢迎访问网站:http://www.jnzyxlzx.com

  The above is the relevant content introduced by Jinan psychological consultation group. If you want to know more, please visit the website: http://www.jnzyxlzx.com


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