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正确调节青少年抑郁的四大方法
日期:2017-12-20 16:11:20 来源:www.jnzyxlzx.com

中国儿童青少年心理卫生中心的最新研究报告指出,患者的症状归纳起来主要的几种表现:

The latest research report on the mental health center of Chinese children and adolescents points out that the symptoms of the patients are summed up in several major manifestations.

1,不良暗示。主要表现在两个方面:一是潜意识层的,会导致生理障碍。如患者一到学校门口、教室里或工作单位,就感觉头晕、恶心、腹痛、肢体无力等,当离开这个特定环境,回到家中,一切又都正常。另一种是意识层的,专往负面去猜测。如患者自认为考试成绩不理想;自己不会与人交往;自认为某些做法是一种错误,甚至是罪过,给别人造成了麻烦;自己的病可能是“精神病”;真的是“精神病”怎么办等。

1, bad hints. It is mainly manifested in two aspects: one is the subconscious level, which can lead to physiological disorders. Such as dizziness, nausea, abdominal pain and limb weakness, when a patient comes to the school gate, classroom or work unit, everything is normal when leaving the specific environment and returning home. The other is the consciousness, which is a negative guess. For example, a patient feels that his exam results are not ideal, and he will not associate with others. He thinks that some practice is a mistake, or even a sin, causing trouble to others; his illness may be "mental illness"; it is really "mental illness" how to do it.

2,无由发愁,就是面对达到的目标、实现的理想、一帆风顺的坦途,患者并无喜悦之情,反而感到忧伤和痛苦。如考上名牌大学却愁眉苦脸、心事重重,想打退堂鼓。有的在大学学习期间,经常无故往家跑,想休学退学。

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2, not to worry about, is the face of goals, to achieve the ideal, Everything is going smoothly. smooth, with no joy, but feel sorrow and pain. Was admitted to prestigious universities such as sad, preoccupied by some troubles, want to beat a retreat. Some in college, often run home without reason, want to drop out of school.

3,反抗父母。患者在童年时对父母的管教言听计从,到了青春期或走上社会后,不但不跟父母沟通交流,反而处处与父母闹对立。一般表现为不整理自己的房间,乱扔衣物,洗脸慢,梳头慢,吃饭慢,不完成作业等。较严重的表现为逃学,夜不归宿,离家出走,跟父母翻过去的旧账(童年所受的粗暴教育,父母离异再婚对自己的影响等),要与父母一刀两断等。

3, resistance to parents. Patients in the childhood of parental toe, to adolescence or go to the society, not only do not communicate with their parents, but trouble with their parents everywhere opposition. The general performance is not to sort out your own room, throw clothes, wash your face slowly, comb your hair slowly, eat slowly, do not finish the homework, etc.  Showed more severe truancy, night out, away from home, with parents over the old (Rough childhood education, the parental divorce remarriage of their impact, etc.), to make a clean break with their parents.

4,不病似病。患者一般年龄较小,不会表述情感问题,只说身体上的某些不适。如有的孩子经常用手支着头,说头痛头昏;有的用手捂着胸,说呼吸困难;有的说嗓子里好像有东西,影响吞咽。他们的“病”似乎很重,呈慢性化,或反复发作,但做了诸多医学检查,又没发现什么问题,吃了许多药,“病”仍无好转迹象。

4, not a disease like a disease. Patients are generally younger, not expressing emotional problems, only some physical discomfort. For example, some children often use their hands with their heads, say headache and dizziness; some use their hands to cover their chest, say breathing difficulties; some say that there is something in the voice, which affects swallowing. Their "disease" seems to be very heavy, was chronic, or recurrent, but do a lot of medical examination, and did not find out what the problem is, eat a lot of medicine, "disease" still no signs of improvement.

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