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大多数青少年为什么有考试焦虑的症状
日期:2018-03-19 14:02:23 来源:www.jnzyxlzx.com

  考试焦虑是在一定应试情境的激发下,受个体认知评价能力、人格倾向于其他身心因素所制约,以担忧为基本特征,以防御和逃避为行为方式,通过不同程度的情绪性反应所表现出来的一种心理状态。

  Test anxiety is in certain situations under the excitation test, by individual cognitive evaluation ability, personality is restricted to other physical and psychological factors, the concern is the basic characteristic, to defense and escape behavior, a kind of mental state through different degree of emotional reaction is shown.

  (1)认知过度,即过分重视考试结果。担忧是他们的一个主要特点。

  (1) excessive cognition, that is, excessive emphasis on test results. Worry is one of their main features.

  他们过度担心的不是自己的考试成绩和考试表现,他们注意力的重心也不是放在学习任务上,而是放在担心自己能否通过考试、是否失败。他们自己可能总是想,如果这次考试不通过同学会不会笑话我啊、我的前程是不是就完了等等。他们关注的是自我,而不是考试这件事情,在心理学上叫做“自我卷入”思维。

  They worry too much about their exam results and test performance. Their focus of attention is not on learning tasks, but on whether they can pass examinations or fail. They may always think, if the exam does not pass through the students will not laugh at me, my career is not finished, and so on. They are concerned with the self, not the exam, in psychology called "self - involvement" thinking.

  想到与考试无关的事情,如有的同学在考试过程中遇到了一道难题,他可能会这样想:“这道题可能就我不会,其他的同学都会”,他再看看周围的同学都在埋头答题,他可能就会更紧张。

  Thinking of things that are not related to examinations, if some students encounter a difficult problem in the examination process, he might think this way: "this question may not be for me. All the other students will". He can see if all the students around him are immersed in the answer, and he will be more nervous.

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  (2)先天神经类型的差异。由于先天的遗传因素的影响,人的神经活动也不相同。

  (2) differences in the type of congenital nerve. Because of the influence of congenital genetic factors, the human neural activity is different.

  有的人属于反映强烈但稳定的类型,即不同的神经活动可以灵活的转换,如从兴奋可以较快的转入抑制,这种人精力充沛,能有效的控制自己的情绪,虽然遇到重大事情时也可能慌乱,但能很快的控制。

  Some people are strongly but stable type, i.e. different neural activity can be converted, as from excitement can quickly turn to suppress, such people can be full of go, effective control of their emotions, although things may also face a great panic, but it can be controlled quickly.

  另一种类型的人不易兴奋,即遇到重大事情,也不容易动感情,表现沉稳和冷静,其反应能力可能不像前者那样快速,但所有的情绪都是适中的,所以每逢考试都不乱。

  Another type of person is not easy to excise, that is to say, it is not easy to be emotional when meeting important things. It shows calm and calm. Its reaction ability may not be as fast as the former, but all emotions are moderate, so every examination is not messy.

  只有第三种人是考试紧张型,他们面对重要事情时反映强烈,但很不稳定,如果兴奋起来则好长时间都处于这种状态中,即便是诱发事件不存在了,仍然可能长时间处于兴奋之中不能抑制。反之,如果一旦进入抑制状态,他们也不能立即转入兴奋。

  There are only third types of people who are tense in examinations. They are strong when facing important things, but very unstable. If excited, they will be in such a state for a long time. Even if the induced events do not exist, they may remain in excitement for a long time. On the other hand, if they enter a state of suppression, they can not immediately turn to excitement.

  以上便是济南心理咨询今天的分享,您还满意吗,欢迎关注我们的网站:http://www.jnzyxlzx.com并且关注我们的产品,我们将为您提供优良的产品,衷心的愿与您建立合作关系。

  The above is Ji'nan psychological consultation today's sharing. Are you satisfied? Welcome to our website: http://www.jnzyxlzx.com and pay attention to our products. We will provide you with excellent products and sincerely cooperate with you.


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