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济南心理咨询中心介绍情感障碍的引发原因
日期:2016-12-13 15:18:51 来源:www.jnzyxlzx.com

  情感障碍是精神病的一种,引起情感障碍的原因有很多比较常见的就是遗传,感染,创伤等,我们只有对情感障碍的因素有个好的了解,才能更好的进行治疗,我们看看专家做的详细介绍。济南心理咨询

  Affective disorder is a mental illness, there are a lot more common is the genetic cause of affective disorder, infection, trauma and so on, we only emotional factors have a good understanding, to better treatment, we look at the details of the experts.

  (一)遗传与环境因素

  (a) genetic and environmental factors

  人们早就认识到基因是影响人类和动物正常与异常行为的主要因素之一。我们对所谓“功能性精神障碍”(如精神分裂症、情感障碍、儿童孤独症、神经性厌食症、儿童多动症、惊恐障碍等)进行了家族聚集性研究,包括从了解这障碍的遗传方式、遗传度到基因扫描等,共同的结论是:这些疾病具有遗传性,是基因将疾病的易感性一代传给一代。

  It has long been recognized that genes are one of the main factors that affect the normal and abnormal behavior of human beings and animals. The so-called "mental disorders" (such as schizophrenia, affective disorders, autism, anorexia nervosa, ADHD, panic disorder etc.) were studies of familial aggregation, including genetics and genetic disorders to understand the degree of gene scanning, the common conclusion is: these diseases hereditary disease susceptibility gene, is to be handed down from generation to generation.

  我们知道,像Huntington病等属十单基因遗传性疾病,突变的基因使疾病代代相传;但目前绝大多数的精神障碍都不能用单基因遗传来解释,而是多个基的相互作用,使危险性增加,加上环境因素的参与,产生了疾病。从这一意义说,基因的相互作用增加疾病的危险性,但每一单个基因所起作用有限,这绒们找到确切的致病基因带来很大困难。不过,发现与疾病发生关系最为密切郎境因素似乎较容易,因此,改变导致疾病的环境因素,将会是当前预防精神障碍的重点。

  We know that, like Huntington's ten single gene genetic disease gene mutation causes the disease but the mental disorder be handed down from age to age; most of the single gene cannot be used to explain the interaction, but more than one base, increase the risk, coupled with environmental factors in the disease. From this meaning, the interaction of genes increases the risk of disease, but the role of each individual gene is limited, it is difficult to find the exact cause of the disease gene. However, it seems that it is easier to find the relationship between the disease and the most closely related. Therefore, the change of environmental factors leading to the disease will be the focus of the current prevention of mental disorders.

  (二)感染

  (two) infection

  早在20世纪的早期,我们就已知道感染因素能影响中枢神经系统,产生精神障碍。例如通过性传播的梅毒螺旋体首先引起生殖系统症状,在多年的潜伏进入脑内,导至邀宜业直C neurosyphilis。神经梅毒主要表现为神经系统的右退性变,表现为痴呆、精神病性症状及麻痹。人类免疫缺陷病毒(HIV)也能进入脑内,产生进行性的认知行为损害,早期表现为记忆损害,注意力不集中及除淡漠等,随着时间的推移,出现更为广泛的损害,如缄默症、大小便失禁等。大约15%-44%的HIV感染者出现痴呆样表现。HIV不是直接感染了神经元,而是感染了免疫细胞-巨嗜噬细胞,巨嗜噬细胞死亡后,释放毒素,损伤了周围的神经元。引起精神障碍的感染还包括诸如单纯疤疹性脑炎、麻疹性脑髓炎、慢性脑膜炎、业急性硬化性全脑炎等。近来还发现,有些儿童在链球菌咽炎后突然出现强迫症的表现。

  As early as the early twentieth Century, we knew that infection can affect the central nervous system and mental disorders. For example, through sexual transmission of syphilis in the first cause genital genital symptoms, in the years of latent into the brain, leading to invite appropriate industry straight neurosyphilis C. Neurosyphilis mainly for the nervous system of the right of return, manifestations of dementia, psychiatric symptoms and paralysis. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can enter the brain, produce cognitive and behavioral damage, early signs of memory impairment, inattention and removal of indifference, with the passage of time, there is more widespread damage, such as autism, incontinence, etc. Approximately HIV of 15%-44% infected persons with dementia appear to show. HIV is not directly infected with the neurons, but infected with immune cells - macrophage macrophage cell death, the release of toxins, damage to the surrounding neurons. Mental disorders caused by infection such as herpes simplex encephalitis, encephalomyelitis, measles, meningitis, acute and chronic sclerosing panencephalitis industry etc. Recently, it has been found that some children in the sudden appearance of obsessive-compulsive disorder after the show.

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  Thank you for your busy schedule to pay attention to our product information, if you want to know more, you can come to our company. We welcome all of you and work with you!


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