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厌学对孩子的危害仅仅只有学习方面吗
日期:2017-03-03 14:24:31 来源:www.jnzyxlzx.com

  也许是因为家长和社会太重视对孩子的教育,太重视他们在考试中的表现,而忽视了让孩子接纳这种成长的方式,我们的孩子才会越来越抗拒学校,抗拒家长安排的路。厌学是目前中学生诸多学习心理障碍中最普遍、最具有危险性的问题,是青少年最为常见的心理疾病之一,当然,这里指的是严重厌学。从心理学角度讲,厌学症是指学生消极对待学习活动的行为反应模式,主要表现为学生对学习认识存在偏差,情感上消极对待学习,行为上主动远离学习。患有厌学症的学生往往学习目的不明确,对学习失去兴趣,不认真听课,不完成作业,不参加体育活动,怕考试,怕排名,甚至恨书、恨老师、恨学校,旷课逃学,严重者一提到学习就如头昏、头痛、恶心呕吐、腹痛、尿频、食欲下降、睡眠易惊、脾气暴躁,甚至出现抑郁,焦虑,强迫等神经症状。也许我们认为,孩子只是不喜欢学习,而厌学症对青少年的生理、心理健康具有极大的危害性。严重厌学情绪一般发生在青少年时期,原因有很多,比如:济南心理咨询

  Perhaps it is because parents and society pay much attention to children's education, too much emphasis on their performance in the exam, but ignored the let the children accept this growth way, our children will become increasingly resistant to resist school, parents arrange road. Weariness is the most common and dangerous at present many problems of middle school students psychological obstacles in learning, which is one of the most common mental illness in adolescents of course, here refers to the serious weariness. From the psychological perspective, weariness syndrome refers to the behavior of students' negative reaction pattern towards learning activities, mainly for students to learn about the existence deviation, negative emotional behavior towards learning, from learning initiative. Have students weariness disease often learning objectives are not clear, lose interest in learning, do not listen to the teacher carefully, not to complete the job, not to participate in sports activities, afraid of exams, afraid of ranking, even hate, hate, hate school book teacher absenteeism, truancy, serious mention of learning such as dizziness, headache, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, frequent micturition, loss of appetite, sleep, irritable temper, and even the emergence of depression, anxiety, obsessive and neurologic symptoms. Maybe we just don't think that children love learning, and weariness physiological and mental health of adolescents with great harm. Severe emotional weariness generally occurs in adolescence, there are many reasons, such as:

  第一、青春期的孩子生理和心理发展不成熟,学校和家长又给予过大的压力,将会使孩子出现一些情绪和行为的改变。生长在应试教育严重的今天,来自分数的压力蔓延,加之时间的紧迫,属于青少年学生的自由空间少,导致不会沟通,把各方面的困难压抑在自己心理,造成性格内向,注意力偏差而导致厌学。

  First, the child's physical and psychological development of adolescence is not mature, the school and the parents have given too much pressure, will make the child some emotional and behavioral changes. The growth in the examination oriented education serious today, from the fractional pressure spread, coupled with the urgency of time, which belongs to the young students' free space, does not lead to communication, all aspects of the difficulties in their mental depression, causing introverted, attention deviation caused weariness.

  第二、青春期性心理冲突。心理调查发现,发生厌学与一些孩子刚刚进入青春期有关,当女孩出现初潮和男孩首次遗精时,由于神经、内分泌的作用,他们的警觉性增强,排斥学校其实是一种移花接木的转换防御机制,通过弃学暂缓了“不被人发现”、“不知如何是好”这种潜在的性心理压力。再者,现在的孩子普遍早熟,对异性的渴望提前出现,在15-19岁之间,是渴求异性的高潮期,而世俗的观点又不能认可这个年龄段的过度交往,也会导致青少年心理空虚而厌学。

  Second, adolescent sexual conflict. Psychological survey found that the occurrence of weariness and some of the children have just entered puberty, when girls menarche and first spermatorrhea boy, because the neural and endocrine function, enhance their alertness, exclusive school is actually a deceitful conversion defense mechanism, through the study of the suspension of the "unseen", "I do not know what to do" the potential of psychological pressure. Moreover, now widespread precocious child, longing for the opposite sex appeared ahead of time, between 15-19 years old, heterosexual desire is the climax, and the secular view cannot be recognized over this age of communication, can also lead to adolescent psychological emptiness and weariness.

  第三、在极度焦虑的情况下,可能出现强迫症。强迫症是一种神经症,有焦虑情绪引起,如不由自主地去想、去做某些事,明明知道没有必要去想,但是就是控制不住自己,想摆脱也摆脱不了,非常苦恼,使注意力无法集中。有时候,自己做的事情自己都毫无主见,就像被思维控制一样,昏晕而过,迷茫糊涂,而这种强迫症,是不会贴附在学习上的。

  Third, in the case of extreme anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder may occur. OCD is a kind of neurosis, anxiety caused by, such as can't help to think, to do some things, knowing that there is no need to think about, but is unable to control yourself, just could not get rid of her, very distressed, the inability to concentrate. Sometimes, they do have no idea, like mind control, fainting and confused confused, and this is not attached to obsessive-compulsive disorder, learning.

  第四、抑郁症是青春期比较突出的情绪问题。在整个儿童期到成人以前,是抑郁症的第一个高峰,很多孩子都有消极、轻生的念头。孩子们对个人的未来,对前途悲观、绝望,有自卑心理。由于现在的家长老师多不注意孩子的性情变化,要么一味追求高成绩,要么逼着孩子拿这级那级的证书,净是些孩子不愿去做的事,导致本就少沟通的孩子,心理矛盾到极点,抑郁而轻生,更别说厌学。

  Fourth, depression is more prominent emotional problems in adolescence. In the childhood to adult before, is the first peak of depression, many children have negative, the idea of suicide. The children of the future of the individual, pessimistic about the future, despair, inferiority complex. Because now the parents teachers do not pay attention to changes in the nature of children, either the blind pursuit of high scores, or forcing children to take this level the level certificate, net is more children do not want to do, this leads to less communication of children, psychological conflicts in the extreme, depression and suicide, not to mention the weariness.

  济南心理咨询专家提醒,厌学症是学生难以适应学校学习环境,内在需求和外在表现不统一造成的,他们常常情绪失调,即使家人不给于压力,他们也感觉压抑、焦虑、紧张,希望尽快离开学校。厌学学生中,中学生占据绝大多数,这个时期是学生个体、学校、家庭、社会冲突最为严重的时期,很多青少年厌学了,他们失去的不仅仅是优异的学业成果,还有他们健康快乐的成长之路。

  Ji'nan psychological counseling experts remind weariness students adapt to the learning environment of the school is not unified, the internal demand and external performance, they often emotional disorders, even if the family does not give in to pressure, they also feel depressed, anxious, nervous, want to leave school as soon as possible. The students in the middle school students occupy the majority of this period is the individual students, schools, families, social conflicts, the most serious period, many teenagers weariness, they lost not only the excellent academic achievements, and their healthy and happy growth path.


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