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青少年增强增强记忆的十种方法
日期:2017-03-08 11:44:59 来源:www.jnzyxlzx.com

  记忆的大敌是遗忘。提高记忆力,实际就是尽量避免和克服遗忘。在学习活动中只要进行有意识的锻炼,掌握记忆规律和方法,就能改善和提高记忆力。下面介绍增强记忆的十种方法。

  Enemy of memory is forgotten. Improve memory, is to try to avoid and overcome the forgotten. In the learning activities as long as the conscious exercise, master the rules and methods of memory, can improve and improve memory. Here are ten ways to enhance memory.济南心理咨询

  1.注意集中。记忆时只要聚精会神、专心致志,排除杂念和外界干扰,大脑皮层就会留下深刻的记忆痕迹而不易遗忘。如果精神涣散,一心二用,就会大大降低记忆效率。

  1 concentration. Memories as long as the concentrate, concentrate, eliminate distractions and outside interference, the cerebral cortex will leave a deep memory trace and not easily forgotten. If the spirit of the slack, one to two, will greatly reduce the efficiency of memory.

  2.兴趣浓厚。如果对学习材料、知识对象索然无味,即使花再多时间,也难以记住。

  2 strong interest. If learning materials, knowledge of flat and uninteresting, even to spend more time, it is difficult to remember.

  3.理解记忆。理解是记忆的基础。只有理解的东西才能记的牢、记得久。仅靠死记硬背,则不容易记住。对于重要的学习内容,如能作到理解和背诵相结合,记忆效果会更好。

  3 understand memory. Understanding is the basis of memory. Only understand things to remember the prison, remember long. Rote alone is not easy to remember. For the important learning content, such as can understand and memorize the combination of memory effect will be better.

  4.过度学习。即对学习材料在记住的基础上,多记几遍,达到熟记、牢记的程度。过度学习的最佳程度是150%。

  4 over learning. That is the learning material foundation in mind, mind many times to remember, keep in mind the extent. The optimal degree of over learning is 150%.

  5.及时复习。遗忘的速度是先快后慢。对刚学过的知识,趁热打铁,及时温习巩固,是强化记忆痕迹、防止遗忘的有效手段。

  5 timely review. The speed of forgetting is faster than before. Strike while the iron is hot. the newly learned knowledge, and timely review, is an effective means to strengthen the memory trace, to prevent forgetting.

  6.经常回忆。学习时,不断进行尝试回忆,可使记忆错误得到纠正,遗漏得到弥补,使学习内容难点记的更牢。闲暇时经常回忆过去识记的对象,也能避免遗忘。

  6 often recall. Learning, constantly trying to recall, can make the memory errors are corrected, omission is made up, so that the learning content of the more difficult to remember. Memorizing objects often recall the past time, but also to avoid forgetting.

  7.读、想、视、听相结合。可以同时利用语言功能和视听觉器官的功能,来强化记忆,提高记忆效率,比单一默读效果好的多。

  7 reading, thinking, watching and listening. You can also use the language features and audio-visual organ function, to strengthen memory, improve memory efficiency, much better than a single silent reading.

  8.运用多种记忆手段。根据情况,灵活运用分类记忆、特点记忆、谐音记忆、争论记忆、联想记忆、趣味记忆、图表记忆、缩短记忆及编提纲、做笔记、卡片等记忆方法,均能增强记忆力。

  8 use a variety of means of memory. According to the situation, flexible use of classification of memory, characteristics of memory, the homophonic memory, memory debate, associative memory, fun memory, graphics memory, reducing memory and for the outline, notes, cards and other memory methods, can enhance memory.

  9.掌握最佳记忆时间。一般来说,上午9~11时,下午3~4时,晚上7~10时,为最佳记忆时间。利用上述时间记忆难记的学习材料,效果较好。

  9 master the best memory time. In general, 9 to 11 in the morning, when the afternoon to the evening of 3 ~ 4, the evening of 7 ~ 10, for the best memory time. The use of the above time memory hard to remember learning materials, the effect is better.

  10.科学用脑。在保证营养、积极休息、进行体育锻炼等保养大脑的基础上,科学用脑,防止过度疲劳,保持积极乐观的情绪,能大大提高大脑的工作效率。这是提高记忆力的关键。

  10 scientific brain. In ensuring nutrition, active rest, physical exercise, such as the maintenance of the brain on the basis of scientific use of the brain, to prevent excessive fatigue, maintain a positive and optimistic mood, can greatly improve the efficiency of the brain. This is the key to improving memory.

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