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为什么自学心理学无法疗愈自己
日期:2017-03-20 16:00:25 来源:www.jnzyxlzx.com

  越来越多的人选择学习心理学,很多人都是抱着通过学习心理学来治疗自己的目标的,那学习心理学理论和知识真的能帮助我们疗愈自己吗?

  More and more people choose to study psychology, a lot of people are holding the psychology to treat their goals by learning, the learning psychological theory and knowledge can really help us heal yourself?

  曾经在知乎上看到有人问,人可以通过学习心理学而实现对自己的自我干预吗?学习一些心理学确实对于认识自我、了解自我是有帮助的,心理学中的一些知识可以帮助我们解释生活中的一些现象,这对每个人来说都是很有意义的。但是如果提到自我干预,这里所指的就是偏向于自我治愈和自我发展了,那这点单纯靠学习是无法达成的,必须要借助一定的咨询关系。那,这是为什么呢?

  Once saw somebody asked on zhihu, people can learn psychology and realization of his own self intervention? Learn some psychology to know self, the ego is really helpful, some knowledge of psychology can help us to explain some phenomena in life, it is very meaningful for everyone. But if that self intervention, and referring to here is biased towards the self healing and self development, that it simply cannot be reached, by study must use certain counseling relationship. So, is this why?

  人都会有心理活动,即使最低级也最基本的视听嗅味触觉的存在,也必须以有外界客观存在为前提,需要与外界进行信息和能量的交流。而在此基础上产生的社会活动更是涉及人与人的关系和互动,因为目前我们谈到的人基本都是社会人。

  People will have psychological activity, even the lowest level of the most basic audio-visual smell and touch, must also be on the premise, there are external objective need to communicate with the outside world of information and energy. And on the basis of the social activities but also involves the relationships and interactions, because now we talk about the basic are social people.

  作为社会人,就意味着我们是生活在关系中的,家庭、工作、学习、娱乐等各种各样的情景下,我们都在与人互动。同时,我们的心理活动和心理问题的产生也是在这样的关系中产生的。因此,专业的心理咨询,首先就是需要创造一个安全无污染的关系环境,在关系互动中呈现问题、疗愈问题。济南心理咨询

  As a social person, means that we are living in the relationship, family, work, study, entertainment and so on a variety of scenarios, we are all in the interaction with people. At the same time, our mental activities and psychological problems are also as a result of such a relationship. Professional psychological counseling, therefore, the first is the relationship between the need to create a safe pollution-free environment, present in the relationship between interaction problem, healing.

  那心理咨询和手术来类比下,专业的心理学知识就是一个医生的知识储备,但是这些知识要转化到时间,起到治疗作用,那需要有无菌手术室(纯洁、干净、安全的咨访关系)、器械和仪器(咨询师会用到的一些技术和方法)、足够的手术经验(咨询师在督导中学习如何做咨询)、一定的心理素质和身体素质(咨询师的个人成长,做一个来访者去被成长,消除自己内心的那些阴影和杂质)。

  The psychological consultation and surgery to analogy, the professional knowledge of psychology knowledge is a doctor's reserves, but this knowledge into time, treatment effect, it needs to have a sterile operating room (pure, clean, safe client visit relations), equipment and instrument (consultants will use some of the techniques and methods), adequate surgical experience (consultants in supervision to learn how to do), psychological quality and physical qualities (consultants, personal growth, a visitor to be growth, eliminate their inner those shadows and impurities).

  就像医学知识一样,其实我们每个人都或多或少知道一些医学知识,我们知道一些症状可能意味着什么病,我们知道一些药物有什么作用,但是对于这些病具体怎么治疗,病的发展程度,药量的控制,一个完善的医疗过程,我们不具备。同样,每个人都可以学习一些心理知识,这些知识可以帮助我们看到和了解自己,也就是顶多可以帮助我们起到预防的作用,或者是提前意识和发现问题的作用,但是绝不具备自我疗愈的功能。

  Like medical knowledge, in fact each of us more or less know some medical knowledge, we know that some symptoms may mean what's the matter, we know that some drugs have any effect, but to how specific treatment for the disease spread of the disease, the dosage of control, a perfect medical process, we don't have. Again, everyone can learn some psychology knowledge, these knowledge can help us to see and know yourself, or at best can help us to have the effect of prevention, or the role of consciousness and found the problem in advance, but never have the function of self healing.

  当然,常见的因为一些生活中的小事情心情起伏这个能力我们都还是具备的,即使你没有心理学知识,也一样可以自我疗愈。但是题主提出的问题,前提显然是问题已经比较清晰或有一定的严重程度了,那这样的情况下,不建议自我干预,自我干预反而会令情况更糟糕。就像,平时的小感冒、着凉了之类,我们都可以自我调整,但是如果你感冒长时间不好、或者是一些明显的症状影响到正常的生活,那还是需要看医生的。心理问题也同此理,明确的感受到正常的生活、工作、睡眠、人际、情绪受到影响,或者自我感受非常不良好,最好都是求助专业人士,而不要试图自我干预,那样的状态下,自我干预难上加难,何况还会因为状态不好,认知、理解发生偏差,更容易走极端。

  Common for some small things in life, of course, the mood ups and downs we all still have this ability, even if you don't have the psychology knowledge, can also self healing. But the main questions, premise is clearly has clearer or has a certain extent, that such a case, the self is not recommended intervention, self intervention can make things worse instead. Like, such as the small cold, catch a cold at ordinary times, we can adjust itself, but if you catch a cold for a long time is bad, or some obvious symptoms affect the normal life, it still needs to see a doctor. Psychological problems are as follows, clear feel normal life, work, sleep, interpersonal, mood affected, or you feel very not good, the best is for professionals, and don't try to self intervention, such condition, self intervention is harder, and also because of my poor state, cognitive, understanding deviation occurs, it is easier to go to extremes.


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