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分析焦虑症的知识
日期:2017-04-26 17:48:26 来源:www.jnzyxlzx.com

  焦虑是一种情绪,对精神分析学和动力精神医学的诞生扮演着催生的角色。佛洛伊德首度使用了“焦虑性精神官能症”这个名词,并且将焦虑分成两种。一种是广泛性的忧虑或害怕,源自于被潜抑的想法或欲望,可以经由心理治疗获得医治。第二种焦虑的特征是无可扼抑的恐慌感,伴随着自律神经的反应,包括大量流汗,呼吸、心跳加速,腹泻,还有主观上惊恐的感觉。佛洛伊德认为后者并非心理因素所造成,而视其为原欲之生理发展的结果,是与缺乏性生活有关。他将这种焦虑命名为“实质性精神官能症”。济南心理咨询

  Anxiety is a kind of emotion, to the birth of psychoanalysis and dynamic spirit medicine play a role of catalyst. Freud used "anxiety mental faculties disease" for the first time this noun, and anxiety can be divided into two kinds. Is a kind of generalized anxiety or fear, originated in the latent idea or desire, can be gained through a psychological treatment to cure. The characteristics of the second anxiety is beyond the conjugate of panic, with autonomic nervous response, including a large number of sweat, respiration, heart rate, diarrhea, and subjective feeling of panic. Freud thinks that the latter is not caused by psychological factors, and regard it as the result of the physical development of the original desire, is related to the lack of life. He named this anxiety mental faculties disease "substantial".

  到了1926年,佛洛伊德进一步粹炼他对焦虑的看法,将焦虑与他新近建构的结构学说连结起来。此时,一般认为是源自本我(id)无意识的性或攻击欲望,以及来自超我相对应的惩罚威胁,两者之间的心理内在冲突,造成了焦虑。焦虑被认为是无意识中出现危机的一种警讯,对于这样的警讯,自我(ego)会启动防卫机制,来避免无法接受的念头或感觉浮现到意识中。如果这种焦虑讯息无法适时地启动自我的防卫力量,就会造成强烈而持续的焦虑感或其他精神官能症状。按照这种说法,佛洛伊德认为焦虑是一种精神官能性冲突的症状表现,同时也是一种调适性的讯号,以避免去觉知到这种精神官能性冲突的存在。

  In 1926, Freud further refined his ideas on anxiety, anxiety and his newly constructed structure theory. At this point, I (id) is thought to be derived from the unconscious sexual desire or attack, and the superego corresponding punishment threat, internal conflicts between the psychology, causing the anxiety. Anxiety is considered to be a crisis in the unconscious of a warning, for such warnings, self (ego) will start the defense mechanism and to avoid unacceptable thoughts or feelings to surface to consciousness. If the anxiety message fails to timely launch of the self defense force, can cause strong and persistent anxiety or other symptoms of mental faculties. According to this statement, Freud that anxiety is a kind of mental faculties sexual conflict of symptoms, is also a kind of harmony of the signal, in order to avoid to aware of this mental faculties sexual conflict.

  依照佛洛伊德的模型,焦虑是自我层面的情感。自我控制着通往意识的通路,经由潜抑作用,自我可以切断与本我本能冲动之间的任何关联。自我同时监测着冲动本身以及所对应的内在心理表征。潜抑后的本能欲望或是冲动,仍然可以透过某些症状表现出来,只是到了表现出来的时候,这些症状已经被置换或掩饰。随着防卫机制及症状表现之不同,所出现的精神官能症状可以是挥之不去的念头、歇斯底里性的瘫痪,或是畏惧性的逃避。

  According to Freud's model, anxiety is self emotional level. Through self control to the pathway of consciousness, latent inhibition effect, can cut off and any connection between this my id. Self monitoring at the same time the impulse itself and the corresponding internal mental representation. After the latent instinct desire or impulse, still can through certain symptoms, only when the show, these symptoms have been replacement or cover up. Along with the defense mechanism and different symptoms, the symptoms of mental faculties can be lingering thoughts, hysteria, paralysis, or fear of escape.


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