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什么叫移情,你知道吗
日期:2017-05-09 16:50:42 来源:www.jnzyxlzx.com

  什么叫移情,你知道吗?

  What is empathy, you know?

  孩童时期的心理组成模式会一直持续到成人生活中,这就是暗示说,往昔会在当下不断重演。最引人注目的例证,或许就是移情(transference)这个精神动力学的核心概念了,在移情作用下,病人会把医师视为自身过往经验中的某个重要人物。这个昔日角色的特质被放到了医师身上,而病人对医师的感觉也会如同他(她)对这个角色的感觉一样。病人无意识地重演(reenact)了过往的人际关系,却不记得曾经有过这样的关系,当他(她)在治疗当中如此表现的同时,也为过往的人际关系提供了丰富的信息。心理咨询

  The psychological makeup of childhood continues into adulthood, suggesting that the past is repeating itself. The most striking example, may be empathy (transference) the dynamics of the core concepts, in the role of empathy, patients will see doctor as someone important in their own experience. The character of the former character is placed on the physician, and the patient feels the same way he or she feels about the role. The patient unconsciously repeat (reenact) past relationships, but I do not remember once had such a relationship, when he (she) in the treatment of such a performance at the same time, also provides past relationships with rich information.

  虽然移情的概念主是用在精神分析与心理治疗当中,但也可以推广到一般的治疗关系里,就如布雷纳所说的:“每一个客体关系,都是最初决定性的孩童期依附关系的再一次重新搬演……。移情是无所不在的,在每一个精神分析情境里都会发生,因为,每当遇上某个对我们而言具有分量的人物时,它都会产生。”近来,我们对移情有了更进一步的了解,就是临床工作者真实的个人特质也会影响到移情的特性,换言之,如果治疗师是沉默、与病人疏离的,则病人就会产生视治疗师为冷漠、疏远和只会袖手旁观的移情感受。纵使移情有一部分可能是源自于童年早期的依附关系,但它也会受到治疗师实际行为表现的影响。因此,临床情境下的每一段关系,都是真实关系与移情现象这两者的混合体。

  Although the concept of empathy is main used in psychoanalysis and psychological treatment, but also can be extended to general treatment relationship, as the brenner said: "every object relations, is originally a decisive childhood attachment to play again…… Empathy is ubiquitous, in every psychoanalytic situation will occur, because, when met some for us a component figure, it will produce." Recently, we have a better understanding of how to empathy, clinical workers is the real personality will also affect the characteristics of empathy, in other words, if the therapist is silence, and patients of alienation, the patient can produce therapists as cold, distant and empathetic feelings will only stand by. While some of the empathy may stem from early childhood attachment, it may also be influenced by the actual behavior of the therapist. So every relationship in a clinical context is a mixture of real relationships and transference.


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