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贪食症出现与哪些因素有关?
日期:2017-07-31 17:31:11 来源:www.jnzyxlzx.com

1.缺乏自信。“我有喜欢的人了,他喜欢瘦的女生。”这是很多女生开始减肥节食的触发点。因为对自己很没有自信,害怕自己不符合爱慕对象的理想,希望通过改变外形来得到他人的认同。

1. lack self-confidence. "I have someone I like. He likes skinny girls."." This is the trigger point for many girls to start dieting. Because they are not confident of themselves, afraid that they do not meet the object of love, hope to change the shape to get other people's identity.

其实厌食症与贪食症常是重叠的,许多贪食症患者都有过厌食症的历史,曾以禁食使体重低于应有的水平。就算没有得厌食症,也多半有过节食减肥的经历。节食到了一定程度,就会有补偿反应,突发暴食后又怕发胖,会主动抠喉呕吐,从此一发不可收拾,陷入了节食——暴食——呕吐——节食的恶性循环。因此很多贪食症患者食指指节上都会有硬痂,就是长期扣喉留下的印记。

In fact, anorexia and bulimia often overlap, many patients have had bulimia anorexia history, had to make weight below the desired level of fasting. Even without anorexia, most of them have experienced dieting. Diet to a certain extent, there will be a compensatory response, sudden binge eating and then afraid of getting fat, will take the initiative to pull the throat vomit, then get out of hand, into a vicious spiral of gluttony -- vomiting diet - diet. So many patients with bulimia have index finger knuckle crusts, is long buckle throat mark.

2.过于追求完美,压力大。其实很多贪食症患者都是大家心目中的“好孩子”,学习成绩优秀又懂事。她们可能会通过“作弊”来维持优秀的成绩,但做完了又有极大的负罪感。所以贪食成了她们发泄内心的压力和内疚感的方式。

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2., the pursuit of perfection, pressure. In fact, many patients with bulimia are what "good child", academic excellence and sensible. They may maintain good grades through cheating, but they have a great sense of guilt when done. So gluttony becomes their way of releasing their inner pressure and guilt.

研究发现,神经性厌食症容易发生在聪颖、用功、成绩好的少女身上,她们的共同特点是顽强、积极、争强好胜。但这实际上是表面现象,青少年心理、人格尚不成熟,还存在被动、脆弱的一面,独立性不够强与自我期望值过高,常常形成严重的矛盾冲突。

The study found that anorexia nervosa is easy to occur in hard, bright, good girls, their common characteristic is tenacious, positive and aggressive. However, this is actually a superficial phenomenon. Teenagers' psychology and personality are not yet mature, and there are still passive and fragile aspects. Their independence is not strong enough and their self expectation is too high, and they often have serious contradictions and conflicts.

3.缺乏父母的关爱。很多青春期的孩子无法得到父母的关爱,她们的自我意识开始树立,此时她们非常的敏感、不安、需要他人的认可。如果父母无法理解她们,甚至因为她们的叛逆来一味的责备,这无疑会使孩子心中产生一个“裂开的洞”,这个空洞使她们潜意识里认为自己是没有价值的,急需得到别人的认可,才会导致上面那些追求完美、没有自信等等性格问题,因此这个空洞才是问题真正的根源。而这个“裂开的洞”是用食物怎样也填不满的。

3. lack of parental love. Many adolescent children are unable to get their parents' attention, and their self-awareness begins to be very sensitive, uncomfortable and need approval from others. If the parents can not understand them, because they are a rebellious and even blindly blame, this will undoubtedly make the hearts of the children have a "gaping hole, the hole that they subconsciously think they are of no value, need to be recognized by others, will lead to those above the pursuit of perfection, no confidence and personality problems, therefore this hole is the real root of the problem. And the "gaping hole" is filled with food.

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