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心理咨询知多少‖考证必读
日期:2017-08-18 18:09:05 来源:www.jnzyxlzx.com

心理咨询是心理学的一个应用分支。所以谈到心理咨询的历史就避不开地要说到心理学的历史。德国著名心理学家艾宾浩斯说过:“心理学有一个很长的过去,却只有一个短暂的历史。”19世纪以前,心理学一直隶属于哲学的范畴,直到1879年,德国冯特先生在莱比锡大学建立世界上第一个心理学实验室,才正式标志着科学心理学的诞生。

Psychological counseling is an applied branch of psychology. Therefore, the history of psychological counseling can not be avoided, but also the history of psychology. Ebbinghaus, a famous German psychologist, said, "psychology has a long past, but only a short history."." Before nineteenth Century, psychology has been belonging to philosophical category, until 1879, Germany Mr. Wundt established the world's first psychological laboratory at the University of Leipzig, officially marks the birth of scientific psychology.

济南心理咨询机构http://www.jnzyxlzx.com/正如心理发展史专家墨菲先生的话:“在冯特创立他的实验室之前,心理学像一个流浪儿,一会儿敲敲生理学的门,一会儿敲敲伦理学的门,一会儿敲敲认识论的门,1879年,它才成为一门实验科学,有了安身之处和一个名字。”这段话生动形象地告诉我们,心理学是一个年轻稚嫩的学科。

As the psychological history expert Mr. Murphy said: "before Wundt founded his laboratory of psychology, like a tramp, knocked on the physiology of the door, knocked on the door of ethics, knocked on the door of epistemology, 1879, it has become an experimental science, a shelter and a name." This passage vividly tells us that psychology is a young and immature subject.

那作为心理学的分支学科——咨询心理学更是年轻而又稚嫩。

As a branch of psychology, counseling psychology is young and immature.

心理咨询的起源

The origin of psychological counseling

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据文献记载,心理咨询起源于1896年诞生的《临床心理学》。19世纪末,韦特默提出“临床心理学”概念,而且以临床心理学家的立场,在解决儿童行为问题方面,做了大量工作,1907年创办了专业刊物。所以我们现在把韦特默称之为心理咨询学的创始人。

According to the literature, psychological counseling originated from the birth of clinical psychology in 1896. At the end of nineteenth Century, Wei temer proposed "Clinical Psychology" concept, but also to a clinical psychologist position in solving children's behavior problems, do a lot of work, founded in 1907, professional publications. That's why we call it "the founder of psychological counseling".

心理咨询的发展

The development of psychological counseling

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40年代以后,心理咨询这门学科发展更快。1953年,美国心理学会咨询心理学分会规定了正式的心理咨询专家培养标准。1954年,由20余名心理学家发起创办了《咨询心理学杂志》,该刊物成为心理咨询的专业杂志。1955年,美国心理学会开始正式颁发心理咨询专家执照。

After 40s, the subject of psychological counseling developed faster. In 1953, the counseling psychology section of the American Psychological Association prescribed formal standards for the development of psychological counseling specialists. In 1954, more than 20 psychologists initiated the Journal of counseling psychology, which became a professional journal of psychological counseling. In 1955, the American Psychological Association began issuing an expert license for psychological counseling.


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