日期：2017-09-13 19:08:16 来源：www.jnzyxlzx.com
Ji'nan psychological counseling should meet the needs of the vast number of clients, and need social psychology, loneliness, influencing factors and knowledge learning
First, the environmental factors associated with loneliness.
Although loneliness is a subjective personal experience, its emergence and development are closely related to individual social environment and individual social relations. When people in the objective state alone, strange, closed, not harmonious or encountered setbacks, it is easy to induce a person's loneliness. It is also argued that social relations that lead to loneliness can be quantitative or qualitative. For example, when a friend is too few, he is not enough to meet the need of communication; while friends are many, the relationship is mostly on the surface, and can not talk freely. Among them, the quality of social relations has more influence on loneliness.
Secondly, the personality characteristics related to loneliness.
When exploring the influencing factors of loneliness, more and more emphasis is placed on the role of personality and personality factors. Many studies have found that loneliness is closely related to personality and individual differences. It influences people's perception and evaluation of their social situations or social relations, influences people's understanding of their own situation, and then influences people's sense of loneliness. Faced with the same interpersonal situation, some people may not feel lonely or less lonely; while others may feel lonely or more solitary. When the individual relationships are missing, some people may see this as a challenge, or through the development of new social relations to change the status quo, or learn happily alone; and some people may feel lonely or easy to feel lonely. Therefore, the personality factor is the intermediary variable of loneliness and environment, and is also the direct cause of loneliness.
Thirdly, the background variables related to loneliness.
The background of loneliness is gender, age, marital status, occupation, housing, social and cultural outlook, etc..
Gender: women have more loneliness than men.
Age: related studies have found that teenagers between the ages of 10 and 20 have a stronger sense of loneliness than older people.
Marital status: married adults feel less lonely and happier than unmarried adults.
Income: rich people feel less lonely than poor people.
Living conditions: no fixed place, often moving, no neighbors, but also related to loneliness.