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造成幼儿的恐惧心理的潜在因素
日期:2017-10-06 14:51:44 来源:www.jnzyxlzx.com

  害怕是每一个人都会有的经验。有些人怕狗、有些人怕高,还有些人连自己怕什么都不清楚。许多父母都曾有过这个困扰,其实孩子害怕的感觉是不是来自鬼、黑暗呢?济南心理咨询父母应多仔细思考这样的问题。有一些原因和情况,在不知不觉中会造成幼儿的恐惧心理,是父母必须注意和避免的:

  Fear is the experience of everyone. Some people are afraid of dogs, others are afraid of heights, and others are afraid of what they are afraid of. Many parents have had this problem, in fact, the fear of children is not from ghosts, dark it? Parents should think more about such problems. There are a number of reasons and situations that unwittingly cause the child's fear, which parents must pay attention to and avoid:

  1. 大人的恐吓:当孩子不听话或淘气时,有些父母会用鬼来吓他,「你如果再不乖乖听话、坐好吃饭,待会恐怖的虎姑婆就会找你!」或是将孩子关在黑暗的地方,如小房间、厕所等,藉以处罚、警告孩子,此方法容易让孩子产生怕鬼和怕黑的情绪。

  1. adults intimidation: when children do not listen or naughty, some parents will use the ghost to scare him, "if you don't listen, sit down to eat, be scary tiger aunt will find you! "Or the children in the dark place, such as a small room, toilet, punishment, warning to children, this method is easy for the child to be afraid of ghosts and spirits.

  2. 独处:孩子的世界里,往往是伴随着黑暗、阴影和独处等因素,特别是自己一个人的时候,比较缺乏安全感,容易产生恐惧。当他说「有鬼」时,可能是害怕黑暗里看不清楚的对象、可能是漠糊不明的阴影,也可能是自己不愿一个人独处、害怕孤独……

  2. solitude: a child's world is often accompanied by darkness, shadows, and solitude, and a lack of security, especially when one is alone, tends to create fear. When he says "ghosts", he may be afraid of objects that are not visible in the dark. He may be unconscious of the shadow of the desert, or he may not want to be alone, or afraid of being alone......

  3. 过份的渲染和夸大:幼儿如果有父母、亲人的陪伴,给他安全、亲密的安慰,幼儿是不会怕黑的。但如果父母亲本身就怕黑,经常大惊小怪或尖叫,孩子会产生「负面的模仿」,并加深他对黑暗的畏惧感。同样的,「怕鬼」也是大人对此过分的渲染和夸大所致,尤其是动作和表情,让幼儿永生难忘,影响将来一辈子。

  3. excessive rendering and exaggerate children if parents and relatives accompany him safe, intimate comfort, children are not afraid of the dark. But if parents are afraid of being black and often making a fuss or screaming, the child will have a negative imitation and deepen his fear of the dark. Similarly, "fear of ghosts" is also an exaggeration and exaggeration of adults, especially movements and expressions, so that young children will never forget, will affect the future life.

  4. 电视传播媒介的影响:一些电视节目或灵异节目,都会将鬼和黑做关连的搭配,再配合一些诡谲的音效、动作和道具、化妆,经过大众传播工具的渲染,「鬼很恐怖,它会出现在黑暗的地方……,」于是「鬼」和「黑暗」在孩子心里便有了形象,甚至加深对它的恐惧感。西方国家的电视电影都设有16禁、18禁等提示,告诉家长选择适合孩子的节目,保护好孩子的心灵。

  Effect of 4. TV media: some TV programs or the program will do related collocation of ghosts and black, with some strange sound, action and props, makeup, after mass media rendering, "ghost is a terrorist, it will appear in the dark place...... "Ghost" and "darkness" have an image in the child's heart, and even increase the fear of it. TV shows in western countries have 16 bans, 18 bans, and so on. They tell parents to choose programs suitable for children and protect their minds.

  本文的精彩内容来自济南心理咨询详细内容请点击我们的官方网站: http://www.jnzyxlzx.com谢谢您的到来!

  The exciting content of this article comes from the Ji'nan psychological consultation. Please click on our official website: http://www.jnzyxlzx.com, thank you for coming!


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