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老年人的心理是需要呵护的?
日期:2017-09-15 17:26:12 来源:www.jnzyxlzx.com

1.认识能力低下。老年人身体机能衰退,大脑功能发生改变,中枢神经系统递质的合成和代谢减弱,导致感觉能力降低,意识性差,反应迟钝,注意力不集中等。主要表现两个方面,首先是感觉迟钝,听力、视觉、嗅觉、皮肤感觉等功能减退,而致视力下降,听力减退,灵敏度下降;再有是动作灵活性差,动作不灵活,协调性差,反应迟缓,行动笨拙。

1. low cognitive ability. The deterioration of the body function, the changes of brain function, the synthesis and metabolism of neurotransmitter in the central nervous system are reduced, which leads to the decrease of sensation, the poor consciousness, the slow reaction and the lack of concentration. The main performance of the two aspects, the first is insensitive, hearing, vision, smell, skin feeling dysfunction, and decreased visual acuity, hearing loss, decreased sensitivity; another is the action of flexibility, action is not flexible, poor coordination, slow, clumsy.

2.孤独和依赖。孤独是指老年人不能自觉适应周围环境,缺少或不能进行有意义的思想和感情交流。孤独心理最易产生忧郁感,长期忧郁就会焦虑不安,心神不定。依赖是指老人做事信心不足,被动顺从,感情脆弱,犹豫不决,畏缩不前等,事事依赖别人去做,行动依靠别人决定。长期的依赖心理,就会导致情绪不稳,感觉退化。

2. loneliness and dependence. Loneliness refers to the elderly can not consciously adapt to the surrounding environment, the lack of or can not carry out meaningful thinking and emotional communication. Loneliness is most prone to cause depression, long-term depression will be anxious, anxious and preoccupied. The old man do dependence refers to a lack of confidence, passivity, sentimental, shilly-shally, cower, rely on others to do, decided to rely on others to act. Long term dependence can lead to emotional instability and feelings of degeneration.

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3.易怒和恐惧。老年人情感不稳定,易伤感,易激怒,不仅对当前事情易怒,而且容易引发对以往情绪压抑的怒火爆发。发火以后又常常感觉到如果按自己以前的性格,是不会对这点小事发火的,从而产生懊悔心理。恐惧也是老年人常见的一种心理状态,表现为害怕,有受惊的感觉,当恐惧感严重时,还会出现血压升高、心悸、呼吸加快、尿频、厌食等症状。

3. irritability and fear. Emotionally unstable, easily upset and irritated, older people are not only irritable about the current situation, but also prone to outbursts of pent up anger. When you are angry, you often feel that you will not get angry with such a small thing if you follow your previous personality, and then you will regret it. Fear is also a common psychological condition for older people. It is characterized by fear and a sense of fright. When fear is severe, blood pressure rises, palpitations, breathing faster, frequent urination, anorexia and other symptoms.

4.抑郁和焦虑。抑郁是常见的情绪表现,症状是压抑、沮丧、悲观、厌世等,这与老年人脑内生物胺代谢改变有关。长期存在焦虑心理会使老年人变得心胸狭窄、吝啬、固执、急躁,久则会引起神经内分泌失调,促使疾病发生。

4. depression and anxiety. Depression is a common manifestation of emotion, symptom is depressed, depression, pessimism, etc., and the biogenic amine metabolism in elderly brain changes. Long term anxiety can make the elderly become narrow-minded, stingy, stubborn and impatient, and will cause neuroendocrine disorder for a long time, and promote disease.

5.睡眠障碍。老年人由于大脑皮质兴奋和抑制能力低下,造成睡眠减少,睡眠浅、多梦、早醒等睡眠障碍。

5. sleep disorders. Because of the low excitability and inhibitory ability of the cerebral cortex, the elderly suffer from the decrease of sleep, sleep, dreams, early awakening and other sleep disorders.

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According to the above content is provided by Ji'nan psychological counseling, as in the past for us to provide service, you have what problem you want to consult can enter the website: http://www.jnzyxlzx.com we have customer service to provide the service for you.


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