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恐怖症的主要的三项特点
日期:2017-09-25 19:27:26 来源:www.jnzyxlzx.com

1.单纯性恐怖症(simple phobia)

1. pure phobia (simple phobia)

是恐怖症中最常见的一种类型,儿童时期常见。成人如对动物的恐怖常来自于童年时代,可表现为对某种特定的物体或进入某处境,如蜘蛛、蛇或高处、黑暗、幽闭、空旷处、雷雨等发生恐怖。如对雷雨恐怖者,不仅雷雨时变得恐怖,而且对可能发生雷雨的天气,如阴天时,也可能感到强烈的焦虑不安,甚至为了消除焦虑而主动离开这个地方,以回避雷雨发生。

It is the most common type of phobia, common in childhood. The horror of an adult, such as a spider, a snake, or a height, a dark, a claustrophobic, an open space, or a thunderstorm, can be seen as a horror of an animal, often from childhood. As for the terrorists during a thunderstorm thunderstorm, not only become terror, and the possible thunderstorms weather, such as cloudy, may also feel strong anxiety, even in order to eliminate the anxiety and take the initiative to leave this place, to avoid the occurrence of thunderstorm.

2.广场恐怖(agoraphobia)

2. agoraphobia (agoraphobia)

不仅指对公开场所发生的恐怖,而且感到在人群聚集的地方,担心不易很快离去,或无法求援的焦虑。这种地方包括公共汽车站、火车站、书店和超级市场,以及理发室的坐椅上、剧院和电影院当中的一排的坐位上和任何不能迅速离开的地方。因此,这类患者常喜欢呆在家里不敢出门,免得在公共场所感到焦虑不安或烦躁。

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Not only the horrors that occur in public places, but also the anxiety of anxiety about the difficulty of leaving soon, or unable to ask for help. Such places include bus stops, railway stations, bookshops and supermarkets, as well as chairs on the barber's, seats in the theater and cinemas, and anywhere else that can not leave quickly. As a result, such patients often prefer to stay at home and dare not go out, so as not to feel anxious or irritable in public places.

3.社交恐怖(Social Phobia)

3. social phobia (Social Phobia)

较上述二类型少见。主要在社交场所感到害羞、局促不安、尴尬、笨拙、迟钝,怕成为人们耻笑的对象,进一步影响他的姿势或操作。因此这类患者不敢在公开场所讲话或书写、吃饭。常见的有赤面恐怖,有的病人害怕看别人的眼睛,怕跟别人的视线相遇,称对视恐怖。

Rare compared to the above two types. Mainly in social places feel shy, embarrassed, awkward, clumsy, slow, even become the object of people laugh, further affect his position or operation. As a result, these patients are afraid to speak or write or eat in public. Common with red face terror, and some patients are afraid to see other people's eyes, afraid of meeting other people's eyes, called "watching terror.".

恐怖症和生活方式、生活节奏有关。和焦虑症、抑郁症等心理疾病一样,在现代社会中恐怖症发生率有明显的增加势头。知识和信息的大量增加有时会伴生空虚和精神脆弱。专家研究显示,20世纪60~70年代出生,拥有高学历,已经踏入工作岗位,并且事业小有成就,在办公室从事管理工作,工作认真、勤奋、有前途的人最容易得心理疾病。这个调查结果和一些发达国家的研究结果相似。

Phobias are related to lifestyle and rhythm of life. And anxiety disorders, depression and other psychological diseases, in modern society, the incidence of phobia has increased significantly. The increase in knowledge and information is sometimes associated with emptiness and mental fragility. Expert studies show that in twentieth Century 60 ~ 70s was born, highly educated, have entered the job, and career achievements, in the office engaged in the management work, work conscientiously, hard-working, promising people most likely to have mental illness. The findings are similar to those of some developed countries.

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The highlights of this article are: Ji'nan psychological consulting more detailed content, please click on our official website: http://www.jnzyxlzx.com thank you for coming


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